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About Chinese Tea(中国茶叶的英文版介绍)

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About Chinese Tea(中国茶叶的英文版介绍)

 

  Of the three major beverages of the world-tea,coffee and cocoa-tea is consumed by the largest number of people.

  茶叶是世界三大饮料(茶,咖啡和可可)中消费数量最多的。

  China is the homeland of tea.It is believed that China had taa-shrubs as early as five to six thousand years ago,and human cultivation of teaplants dates back two thousand years.Tea from China,along with her silk and porcelain, began to be known the world over more than a thousand years ago and has since always been an important Chinese export.At present more than forty countries in the world grow tea with Asian countries producing 90% of the world's total output.All tea trees in other oountries have their origin directly or indirectly in China. The habit of tea drinking spread to Japan in the 6th century, but it was not introduced to Europe and America till the 17th and 18th centuries.Now the number of tea drinkers in the world is legion and is still on the increase.

  中国是茶叶的故乡,早在五,六千年前,人类就开始种植茶树。本文由安溪铁观音批发网http://www.cha315.com/收集整理(本批发网一市斤起按批发价发货,个人少量购买可通过快递做货到付款,欢迎订购)。目前世界上有40多个国家有种植茶树,其中亚洲的种植量超过90%。中国喝茶的习惯在6世纪时传到日本,随后又传入欧洲和美洲。

  Chinese tea may be classified into five catagories according to the different methods by which it is processed.

  中国的茶叶根据不同的加工处理方法可以分这五类。

  (1) Green tea: Green tea is the variety which keeps the original colour of the tea leaves without fermentation during processing.This category consists mainly of Longjing tea of Zhejiang Province,Maofeng of Huangshan Mountain in Anhui Province and Biluochun produced in Jiangsu.

  绿茶:绿茶是未发酵茶,包括浙江龙井,黄山毛尖,江苏碧螺春等。

  (2) Black tea:Black tea,known as“red tea”(hong cha)in China,is the category which is fermented before bakingg;it is a later variety developed on the basis of the green tea.The best brands of black tea are Qihong of Anhui,Dianhong of Yunnan.Suhong of Jiangsu,Chuanhong  of Sichuan and Huhong of Hunan.

  红茶:属于完全发酵的茶。

  (3) Wulong tea:This represents a variety half way between the green and the black teas,being made after partial fermentation.It is a specialty from the provinces on China's southeast coast:Fujian,Guangdong and Taiwan.

  乌龙茶:半发酵茶。主要产于中国东南沿海地区,如福建,广东和台湾。

  (4) Compressed tea:This is the kind of tea which is compressed and hardened into a certain shape.It is good for transport and storage and is mainly supplied to the ethnic minorities living in the border areas of the country.From www.cha315.com As compressed tea is black in colour in its commercial form,so it is also known in China as "black tea".Most of the compressed tea in the form of bricks;it is,therefore,generally called"brick tea",though it is sometimes also in the form of cakes and bowls.It is mainly produced in Hubei,Hunan,Sichuan and Yunnan provinces.

  压缩茶:有利于运输和储存,也有称“砖茶”,主要产于湖北,湖南,四川和云南等。

  (5) Scented tea: This kind of tea is made by mixing fragrant flowers in the tea in the course of processing. The flowers commonly used for this purpose are jasmine and magnolia among others. Jasmine tea is a well-known favorite with the northerners of China and with a growing number of foreigners.

  花茶:茉莉花茶是大家众所周知的。

  Tea is produced in vast areas of China from Hainan Island down in the extreme south to Shandong Province in the north, from Tibet in the southwest to Taiwan across the Straits, totalling more than 20 provinces. These may be divided into four major areas:

  中国茶叶生产区最南端的是海南岛,以山东省北部,西藏西南部台湾海峡两岸,共计20多个省份。这些可分为四个主要领域:

  (1) The Jiangnan area: It lies south of the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River, and is the most prolific of China's tea-growing areas. Most of its output is the green variety; some black tea is also produced.

  江南区:位于南部的长江流域中下游,是最丰富的中国茶叶种植区。以绿茶为主,也产部分红茶。

  (2) The Jiangbei area: This refers to a large area north of the same river, where the average temperature is 2-3 Centigrade degrees lower than in the Jiangnan area. Green tea is the principal variety turned out there, but Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, which are also parts of this area. produce compressed tea for supply to the minority areas in the Northwest.

  江北区:平均气温低于江南地区。绿茶是主要的品种。本文由安溪铁观音批发网http://www.cha315.com/收集整理(本批发网一市斤起按批发价发货,个人少量购买可通过快递做货到付款,欢迎订购)。但陕西和甘肃的的茶叶生产压缩供应给西北地区的少数民族。

  (3) The Southwest area: This embraces Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and Tibet, producing black, green as well as compressed teas. Pu'er tea of Yunnan Province enjoys a good sale in China and abroad.

  西南地区:这包括四川,云南,贵州和西藏,生产黑茶,绿茶,以及压缩茶。云南省普洱茶在国内外有着良好的销售。

  (4) The Lingnan area: This area, consisting of the southern provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and taiwan, produces Wulong tea, which is renowned both at home and abroad.

  岭南地区:这一地区包括南部广东,广西,福建和台湾,主要生产乌龙茶。其中,铁观音名扬海内外。


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